引用本文:王亚楠,高博,朱彦.历代方剂成方年代考[J].中华医学图书情报杂志,2017,26(12):30-33.
历代方剂成方年代考
Chronicles of formulae and set prescriptions in the past dynasties
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1671-3982.2017.12.006
中文关键词:  方剂  方书  方剂数据库  成方年代  医学史  数据挖掘
英文关键词:Formula  Medical formulary  Formulae database  Chronicles of set prescriptions  Data mining
基金项目:国家自然科学基金青年科学项目“古今类方衍化关系知识体系构建研究(81503494)”;北京市自然科学基金资助项目“中医方剂智能搜索引擎研究与开发(7174328)”;中国中医科学院基本科研业务费自主选题项目“面向中医药学主题词表的新词发现研究(ZZ090311)”
作者单位
王亚楠 中国中医科学院中医药信息研究所北京100700 
高博 中国中医科学院中医药信息研究所北京100701 
朱彦 中国中医科学院中医药信息研究所北京100702 
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中文摘要:
      目的:依据方源信息确定成方年代,探讨方剂成方年代的分布情况及其产生原因。方法:研究记载方剂的方源信息,建立“方剂来源出处标准表”,采用字符串相似度算法、计算编辑距离进行相似度排序,再加以人工干预的方法,根据首次记载该方剂的书籍成书年代来推算方剂的成方年代。结果:方剂及方书的产生和发展与社会稳定、战乱等规律基本相符,成方年代统计结果较为可靠。结论:这一方法对于确定方剂产生时间,进而推算方药剂量很有意义,对不同历史年代的方剂信息抽取也是一种补充和帮助。
英文摘要:
      Objective To study the distribution of chronicles in formulae and set prescriptions and its reasons according to their source information. Methods After a standard table of formulae and set prescriptions sources was established according to the data of documented formulae and set prescriptions, their similarity was sequenced by measuring the edit distance using the string similarity algorithm. After it was checked, the chronicles of formulae and set prescriptions were calculated according to their documented first publication year. Results The emergence and development of formulae and set prescriptions were related with the laws of social stability and wars. The calculated chronicles of formulae and set prescriptions were reliable. Conclusion Sequencing the similarity of formulae and set prescriptions can determine their emergence time, which is thus of great significance for calculating their dosages and may become supplementary method for abstracting information from the formulae and set prescriptions in the past dynasties.
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